Squid release notes

Squid Developers

This document contains the release notes for version 3.1 of Squid. Squid is a WWW Cache application developed by the National Laboratory for Applied Network Research and members of the Web Caching community.

1. Notice

2. Major new features since Squid-3.0

3. Windows support

4. Changes to squid.conf since Squid-3.0

5. Changes to ./configure options since Squid-3.0

6. Options Removed since Squid-2

7. Regressions since Squid-2.7

1. Notice

The Squid Team are pleased to announce the release of Squid- for testing.

This new release is available for download from http://www.squid-cache.org/Versions/v3/3.1/ or the mirrors.

A large number of the show-stopper bugs have been fixed along with general improvements to the ICAP support. While this release is not deemed ready for production use, we believe it is ready for wider testing by the community.

We welcome feedback and bug reports. If you find a bug, please see http://wiki.squid-cache.org/SquidFaq/TroubleShooting#head-7067fc0034ce967e67911becaabb8c95a34d576d for how to submit a report with a stack trace.

1.1 Known issues

Although this release is deemed good enough for use in many setups, please note the existence of open bugs against Squid-3.1.

1.2 Changes since earlier releases of Squid-3.1

The 3.1 change history can be viewed here.

2. Major new features since Squid-3.0

Squid 3.1 represents a new feature release above 3.0.

The most important of these new features are:

Most user-facing changes are reflected in squid.conf (see below).

2.1 New Version Numbering System

Begining with 3.1 the Squid Developers are trialling a new release numbering system.

We have decided, based on input from interested users to drop the Squid-2 terminology of (DEVEL, PRE, RC, and STABLE) from the release package names. These are replaced with a simpler 3-tier system based around the natural code development cycle.

Daily generated snapshots of all current versions are provided as testing (old DEVEL) and bug-fix releases. These are numbered from their last release with a date appended. Snapshots generated from 3.HEAD continue to be highly volatile.

Regular feature releases from Squid-3 will be branched out as sub-versions. Such as this Squid-3.1.

All this is previous policy you should be accustomed to. Now we get to the new numbering change.

Initial branch packages will be generated with a 3.X.0.Z version as testing packages. Packages and Snapshots generated with these 3-dot numbers are expected to be relatively stable regarding feature behaviors. Suitable for testing, but without any guarantees under production loads. This replaces both the old PRE and RC packages.

If a large number of bugs are found several *.0.Z packages may be attempted before any is considered production-ready.

When one of these Squid-3.X.0.Z packages passes our bug-free standards a 3.X.Y numbered release will be made.

We can only hope enough testing has been done to consider these ready for production use. As always we are fully dependent on people testing the previous packages and reporting all bugs.

In support of all this are several squid-dev process changes which have been worked out over the last year.

2.2 Minimal squid.conf improvements

squid.conf has undergone a facelift.

Don't worry, few operational changes have been made. Older configs from are still expected to run in 3.1 with only the usual minor changes seen between major release. Details on those are listed below.

New users will be relieved to see a short 32-line or less squid.conf on clean installs. Many of the options have reasonable defaults but had previously needed them explicitly configured! These are now proper built-in defaults and no longer need to be in squid.conf unless changed.

All of the option documentation has been offloaded to another file squid.conf.documented which contains a fully documented set of options previously cluttering up squid.conf itself.

Package maintainers are provided with a second file squid.conf.default which as always contains the default config options provided on a clean install.

2.3 Internet Protocol version 6 (IPv6)

Squid 3.1 supports IPv6. Details in The Squid wiki

New Features for IPv6

Squid handles localhost values seperately. For the purpose of ACLs and also external connections ::1 is considered a seperate IP from This means all ACL which define behaviour for localhost may need ::1/128 included.

Pinger has been upgraded to perform both ICMP and ICMPv6 as required. As a result of this and due to a change in the binary protocol format between them, new builds of squid are no longer backwards-compatible with old pinger binaries. You will need to perform "make install-pinger" again after installing squid.

Peer and Client SNMP tables have been altered to handle IPv6 addresses. As a side effect of this the long-missing fix to show seperate named peers on one IP has been integrated. Making the SNMP peer table now produce correct output. The table structure change is identical for both IPv4-only and Dual modes but with IPv4-only simply not including any IPv6 entries. This means any third-party SNMP software which hard coded the MIB paths needs to be upgraded for this Squid release.

Limitations of IPv6 Support

Specify a specific tcp_outgoing_address and the clients who match its ACL are limited to the IPv4 or IPv6 network that address belongs to. They are not permitted over the IPv4-IPv6 boundary. Some ACL voodoo can however be applied to explicitly route the IPv6/IPv4 bound traffic (DIRECT access) out an appropriate interface.

    acl toIP6 dst ipv6
    tcp_outgoing_address 2001::1 toIP6
    tcp_outgoing_address !toIP6

WCCP is not available (neither version 1 or 2). It remains built into squid for use with IPv4 traffic but IPv6 cannot use it.

Transparent Interception is done via NAT at the OS level and is not available in IPv6. Squid will ensure that any port set with transparent, intercept, or tproxy options be an IPv4-only listening address. Wildcard can still be used but will not open as an IPv6. To ensure that squid can accept IPv6 traffic on its default port, an alternative should be chosen to handle transparently intercepted traffic.

   http_port 3128
   http_port 8080 intercept

The bundled NTLM Auth helper is IPv4-native between itself and the NTLM server. A new one will be needed for IPv6 traffic between the helper and server.

The bundled RADIUS Auth helper is IPv4-native, both in traffic between and data storage with the RADIUS server. A new helper will be needed for IPv6 RADIUS protocol.

2.4 Error Page Localization

Details in The Squid wiki


The error pages presented by squid may now be localized per-request to match the visitors local preferred language.

The error_directory option in squid.conf needs to be removed.

For best coverage of languages, using the latest language pack of error files is recommended. Updates can be downloaded from www.squid-cache.org/Versions/langpack/

The squid developers are interested in making squid available in a wide variety of languages. Contribution of new languages is encouraged.

CSS Stylesheet controls

To further enhance the visitor experience all new translations have embeded CSS hooks for scalable per-site localization of the display.

CSS display is controlled by updating the errorpage.css file installed into Squids configuration directory or the err_page_stylesheet option in squid.conf.

Custom error pages can also embed the CSS content by adding the %l tag to their headers.

2.5 Connection Pinning (for NTLM Auth Passthrough)

Details in The Squid wiki

Squid 3.1 includes the much asked for Connection Pinning feature from Squid 2.6.

This feature is often called 'NTLM Passthru' since it is a giant workaround which permits Web servers to use Microsoft NTLM Authentication instead of HTTP standard authentication through a web proxy.

2.6 Quality of Service (QoS) Flow support

Details in The Squid wiki

Zero Penalty Hit created a patch to set QoS markers on outgoing traffic.

Squid Configuration

Squid 3.1 needs to be configured with --enable-zph-qos for the ZPH QoS controls to be available.

The configuration options for 2.7 and 3.1 are based on different ZPH patches. The two releases configuration differs and only the TOS mode settings are directly translatable.

The lines above are spearated for documentation. qos_flows may be configured with all options on one line, or separated as shown. Also options may be repeated as many times as desired. Only the final configured value for any option will be used.

The legacy Option and Priority modes available in Squid-2.7 are no longer supported.

2.7 SSL Bump (for HTTPS Filtering and Adaptation)

Details in The Squid wiki

Squid-in-the-middle decryption and encryption of straight CONNECT and transparently redirected SSL traffic, using configurable client- and server-side certificates. While decrypted, the traffic can be inspected using ICAP.

2.8 eCAP Adaptation Module support

Details in The Squid wiki

3. Windows support

This Squid version can run on Windows as a system service using the Cygwin emulation environment, or can be compiled in Windows native mode using the MinGW + MSYS development environment. Windows NT 4 SP4 and later are supported.
On Windows 2000 and later the service is configured to use the Windows Service Recovery option restarting automatically after 60 seconds.

3.1 Usage

Some new command line options were added for the Windows service support:

The service installation is made with -i command line switch, it's possible to use -f switch at the same time for specify a different config-file settings for the Squid Service that will be stored on the Windows Registry.

A new -n switch specify the Windows Service Name, so multiple Squid instance are allowed. "Squid" is the default when the switch is not used.

So, to install the service, the syntax is:

squid -i [-f file] [-n name]

Service uninstallation is made with -r command line switch with the appropriate -n switch.

The -k switch family must be used with the appropriate -f and -n switches, so the syntax is:

squid -k command [-f file] -n service-name
where service-name is the name specified with -n options at service install time.

To use the Squid original command line, the new -O switch must be used ONCE, the syntax is:

squid -O cmdline [-n service-name]

If multiple service command line options must be specified, use quote. The -n switch is needed only when a non default service name is in use.

Don't use the "Start parameters" in the Windows 2000/XP/2003 Service applet: they are specific to Windows services functionality and Squid is not designed for understand they.

In the following example the command line of the "squidsvc" Squid service is set to "-D -u 3130":

squid -O "-D -u 3130" -n squidsvc

3.2 PSAPI.DLL (Process Status Helper) Considerations

The process status helper functions make it easier for you to obtain information about processes and device drivers running on Microsoft® Windows NT®/Windows® 2000. These functions are available in PSAPI.DLL, which is distributed in the Microsoft® Platform Software Development Kit (SDK). The same information is generally available through the performance data in the registry, but it is more difficult to get to it. PSAPI.DLL is freely redistributable.

PSAPI.DLL is available only on Windows NT, 2000, XP and 2003. The implementation in Squid is aware of this, and try to use it only on the right platform.

On Windows NT PSAPI.DLL can be found as component of many applications, if you need it, you can find it on Windows NT Resource KIT. If you have problem, it can be downloaded from here: http://download.microsoft.com/download/platformsdk/Redist/4.0.1371.1/NT4/EN-US/psinst.EXE

On Windows 2000 and later it is available installing the Windows Support Tools, located on the Support\Tools folder of the installation Windows CD-ROM.

3.3 Registry DNS lookup

On Windows platforms, if no value is specified in the dns_nameservers option on squid.conf or in the /etc/resolv.conf file, the list of DNS name servers are taken from the Windows registry, both static and dynamic DHCP configurations are supported.

3.4 Compatibility Notes

3.5 Known Limitations

3.6 Building Squid on Windows

A reasonably recent release of Cygwin or MinGW is needed.
The usage of the Cygwin environment is very similar to other Unix/Linux environments, and -devel version of libraries must be installed.
For the MinGW environment, the packages MSYS, MinGW and msysDTK must be installed. Some additional libraries and tools must be downloaded separately:

OpenSSL: Shining Light Productions Win32 OpenSSL
libcrypt: MinGW packages repository
db-1.85: TinyCOBOL download area
When running configure, --disable-wccp and --disable-wccpv2 options should always specified to avoid compile errors.

Before build Squid with SSL support, some operations are needed (in the following example OpenSSL is installed in C:\OpenSSL and MinGW in C:\MinGW):

3.7 Using cache manager on Windows:

On Windows, cache manager (cachemgr.cgi) can be used with Microsoft IIS or Apache.
Some specific configuration could be needed:

4. Changes to squid.conf since Squid-3.0

There have been changes to Squid's configuration file since Squid-3.0.

This section gives a thorough account of those changes in three categories:

4.1 New tags


Whether to use any result found by follow_x_forwarded_for in further ACL processing. Default: ON

        Controls whether the indirect client address
        (see follow_x_forwarded_for) is used instead of the
        direct client address in acl matching.


Sends an HTTP transaction to an ICAP or eCAP adaptation service.

        adaptation_access service_name allow|deny [!]aclname...
        adaptation_access set_name     allow|deny [!]aclname...

        At each supported vectoring point, the adaptation_access
        statements are processed in the order they appear in this
        configuration file. Statements pointing to the following services
        are ignored (i.e., skipped without checking their ACL):

            - services serving different vectoring points
            - "broken-but-bypassable" services
            - "up" services configured to ignore such transactions
               (e.g., based on the ICAP Transfer-Ignore header).

        When a set_name is used, all services in the set are checked
        using the same rules, to find the first applicable one. See
        adaptation_service_set for details.

        If an access list is checked and there is a match, the
        processing stops: For an "allow" rule, the corresponding
        adaptation service is used for the transaction. For a "deny"
        rule, no adaptation service is activated.

        It is currently not possible to apply more than one adaptation
        service at the same vectoring point to the same HTTP transaction.

        See also: icap_service and ecap_service


        Defines a named adaptation service set. The set is populated in
        the order of adaptation_service_set directives in this file.
        When adaptation ACLs are processed, the first and only the first
        applicable adaptation service from the set will be used. Thus,
        the set should group similar, redundant services, rather than a
        chain of complementary services.

        If you have a single adaptation service, you do not need to
        define a set containing it because adaptation_access accepts
        service names.

              adaptation_service_set svcBlocker urlFilterPrimary urlFilterBackup
              adaptation service_set svcLogger loggerLocal loggerRemote


Whether to use any result found by follow_x_forwarded_for in delay_pool assignment. Default: ON

        Controls whether the indirect client address
        (see follow_x_forwarded_for) is used instead of the
        direct client address in delay pools.


New option to prevent squid from always looking up IPv4 regardless of whether IPv6 addresses are found. Squid will follow a policy of prefering IPv6 links, keeping the IPv4 only as a safety net behind IPv6.

        Standard practice with DNS is to lookup either A or AAAA records
        and use the results if it succeeds. Only looking up the other if
        the first attempt fails or otherwise produces no results.

        That policy however will cause squid to produce error pages for some
        servers that advertise AAAA but are unreachable over IPv6.

        If this is ON  squid will always lookup both AAAA and A, using both.
        If this is OFF squid will lookup AAAA and only try A if none found.

        WARNING: There are some possibly unwanted side-effects with this on:
                *) Doubles the load placed by squid on the DNS network.
                *) May negatively impact connection delay times.


Controls whether eCAP support is enabled. Default: OFF


Defines a single eCAP service

        ecap_service servicename vectoring_point bypass service_url

        vectoring_point = reqmod_precache|reqmod_postcache|respmod_precache|respmod_postcache
                This specifies at which point of transaction processing the
                eCAP service should be activated. *_postcache vectoring points
                are not yet supported.

        bypass = 1|0
                If set to 1, the eCAP service is treated as optional. If the
                service cannot be reached or malfunctions, Squid will try to
                ignore any errors and process the message as if the service
                was not enabled. No all eCAP errors can be bypassed.
                If set to 0, the eCAP service is treated as essential and all
                eCAP errors will result in an error page returned to the
                HTTP client.

        service_url = ecap://vendor/service_name?custom&cgi=style&parameters=optional

              ecap_service service_1 reqmod_precache 0 ecap://filters-R-us/leakDetector?on_error=block
              ecap_service service_2 respmod_precache 1 icap://filters-R-us/virusFilter?config=/etc/vf.cfg


New option to configure location for CSS stylesheet controlling error page display.


New option to replace the old configure option --enable-default-err-language New translations can be downloaded from http://www.squid-cache.org/Versions/langpack/

        Set the default language which squid will send error pages in
        if no existing translation matches the clients language

        If unset (default) generic English will be used.


        Log to cache.log what languages users are attempting to
        auto-negotiate for translations.

        Successful negotiations are not logged. Only failures
        have meaning to indicate that Squid may need an upgrade
        of its error page translations.


Enable processing of the X-Forwarded-for header for various administration tasks.

        Allowing or Denying the X-Forwarded-For header to be followed to
        find the original source of a request.

        Requests may pass through a chain of several other proxies
        before reaching us.  The X-Forwarded-For header will contain a
        comma-separated list of the IP addresses in the chain, with the
        rightmost address being the most recent.

        If a request reaches us from a source that is allowed by this
        configuration item, then we consult the X-Forwarded-For header
        to see where that host received the request from.  If the
        X-Forwarded-For header contains multiple addresses, and if
        acl_uses_indirect_client is on, then we continue backtracking
        until we reach an address for which we are not allowed to
        follow the X-Forwarded-For header, or until we reach the first
        address in the list.  (If acl_uses_indirect_client is off, then
        it's impossible to backtrack through more than one level of
        X-Forwarded-For addresses.)

        The end result of this process is an IP address that we will
        refer to as the indirect client address.  This address may
        be treated as the client address for access control, delay
        pools and logging, depending on the acl_uses_indirect_client,
        delay_pool_uses_indirect_client and log_uses_indirect_client

                Any host for which we follow the X-Forwarded-For header
                can place incorrect information in the header, and Squid
                will use the incorrect information as if it were the
                source address of the request.  This may enable remote
                hosts to bypass any access control restrictions that are
                based on the client's source addresses.

        For example:

                acl localhost src
                acl my_other_proxy srcdomain .proxy.example.com
                follow_x_forwarded_for allow localhost
                follow_x_forwarded_for allow my_other_proxy


        FTP Protocol extensions permit the use of a special "EPSV" command.

        NATs may be able to put the connection on a "fast path" through the
        translator using EPSV, as the EPRT command will never be used and therefore,
        translation of the data portion of the segments will never be needed.

        Turning this OFF will prevent EPSV being attempted.

        WARNING: Doing so will convert Squid back to the old behavior with all
        the related problems with external NAT devices/layers.

        Requires ftp_passive to be ON (default) for any effect.


        FTP Protocol extensions permit the use of a special "EPSV ALL" command.

        NATs may be able to put the connection on a "fast path" through the
        translator, as the EPRT command will never be used and therefore,
        translation of the data portion of the segments will never be needed.

        When a client only expects to do two-way FTP transfers this may be useful.
        If squid finds that it must do a three-way FTP transfer after issuing
        an EPSV ALL command, the FTP session will fail.

        If you have any doubts about this option do not use it.
        Squid will nicely attempt all other connection methods.

        Requires ftp_passive to be ON (default)


Controls how many different forward paths Squid will try before giving up. Default: 10


New option to import entire secondary configuration files into squid.conf.

        Squid will follow the files immediately and insert all their content
        as if it was at that position in squid.conf. As per squid.conf some
        options are order-specific within the config as a whole.

        A few layers of include are allowed, but too many are confusing and
        squid will enforce an include depth of 16 files.

                include /path/to/file1 /path/to/file2


Instructs Squid to load the specified dynamic module(s) or activate preloaded module(s).

              loadable_modules @DEFAULT_PREFIX@/lib/MinimalAdapter.so


Whether to use any result found by follow_x_forwarded_for in access.log. Default: ON

        Controls whether the indirect client address
        (see follow_x_forwarded_for) is used instead of the
        direct client address in the access log.


        A filename where Squid stores it's netdb state between restarts.
        To disable, enter "none".


New option to enable/disable the ICMP pinger helper with a reconfigure instead of a full rebuild.

        Control whether the pinger is active at run-time.
        Enables turning ICMP pinger on and off with a simple squid -k reconfigure.
        default is on when --enable-icmp is compiled in.


New Access control for which CONNECT requests to an http_port marked with an sslBump flag are actually "bumped". Please see the sslBump flag of an http_port option for more details about decoding proxied SSL connections. DEFAULT: No requests are bumped.

# Example: Bump all requests except those originating from localhost and
# those going to webax.com or example.com sites.
# acl broken_sites dstdomain .webax.com
# acl broken_sites dstdomain .example.com
# ssl_bump deny localhost
# ssl_bump deny broken_sites
# ssl_bump allow all


New Access Control to selectively bypass server certificate validation errors. DEFAULT: None bypassed.

        For example, the following lines will bypass all validation errors
        when talking to servers located at All other
        validation errors will result in ERR_SECURE_CONNECT_FAIL error.

                acl BrokenServersAtTrustedIP dst
                sslproxy_cert_error allow BrokenServersAtTrustedIP
                sslproxy_cert_error deny all

        This option must use fast ACL expressions only. Expressions that use
        external lookups or communication result in unpredictable behavior or

        Without this option, all server certificate validation errors
        terminate the transaction. Bypassing validation errors is dangerous
        because an error usually implies that the server cannot be trusted and
        the connection may be insecure.

        See also: sslproxy_flags and DONT_VERIFY_PEER.

qos_flows local-hit= sibling-hit= parent-hit=

        Allows you to select a TOS/DSCP value to mark outgoing
        connections with, based on where the reply was sourced.

        TOS values really only have local significance - so you should
        know what you're specifying. For more information, see RFC2474,
        RFC2475, and RFC3260.

        The TOS/DSCP byte must be exactly that - octet value 0x00-0xFF.
        Note that in practice often only values up to 0x3F are usable
        as the two highest bits have been redefined for use by ECN

        This setting is configured by setting the source TOS values:

        local-hit=0xFF          Value to mark local cache hits.

        sibling-hit=0xFF        Value to mark hits from sibling peers.

        parent-hit=0xFF         Value to mark hits from parent peers.

        NOTE: 'miss' preserve feature is only possible on Linux at this time.

        For the following to work correctly, you will need to patch your
        linux kernel with the TOS preserving ZPH patch.
        The kernel patch can be downloaded from http://zph.bratcheda.org

                If set, any HTTP response towards clients will
                have the TOS value of the response comming from the
                remote server masked with the value of miss-mask.
                Allows you to mask certain bits in the TOS received from the
                remote server, before copying the value to the TOS sent
                towards clients.
                Default: 0xFF (TOS from server is not changed).

4.2 Changes to existing tags


New preset content ipv6 available as a preset type in the src and dst ACL matching all of the public IPv6 network space.

New acl type myportname, matching the name of the http_port or https_port where the request was accepted.

New acl type tag, matching the tag= returned from the external_acl_type helper.

New acl type peername, matching against a named cache_peer entry where the request will be attempted first. NP: peername currently is limited to only match the first peer possible.

        acl aclname dst ipv6                    # request for IPv6-enabled site
        acl aclname src ipv6                    # request from IPv6 address
        acl aclname myportname 3128 ...         # http(s)_port name
        acl aclname peername myPeer ...         # cache_peer ... name=myPeer
        acl aclname tag value ...               # tag= option from external ACL

auth_param ntlm, basic, digest

BASIC, DIGEST: New parameter option utf8 on|off to permit helpers to selectively process UTF-8 characters even though HTTP accepts only ISO-8859-1.

NTLM: The helper binary bundled with Squid under the name ntlm_auth has been renamed to accurately reflect its real behavior and to prevent confusion with the more useful Samba helper using the same name.

Despite being used for NTLM, the helper does not in fact provide true NTLM function. What it does provide is SMB LanManager authentication through the NTLM interface without the need for a domain controller. Thus the new name is ntlm_smb_lm_auth.

WARNING: due to the name clash with Samba helper, admin should be careful to only update their squid.conf if the squid bundled binary is used and needed. If the Samba helper is in use, the squid.conf should not be altered.


The previous default behavour (rotate per-request) of this setting causes failover clashes with IPv6 built-in mechanisms. It has thus been turned off by default. Making the 'best choice' IP continue in use for any hostname until it encounters a connection failure and failover drops to the next known IP.

        Modern IP resolvers in squid sort lookup results by preferred access.
        By default squid will use these IP in order and only rotates to
        the next listed when the most preffered fails.

        Some load balancing servers based on round robin DNS have been
        found not to preserve user session state across requests
        to different IP addresses.

        Enabling this directive Squid rotates IP's per request.


Removed the 'QUERY' acl and 'cache deny QUERY' entries. Replaced by new refresh_pattern instead.


Default changed to 256MB in-memory cache. see cache_mem and maximum_object_size_in_memory for size parameters.

'null' storage type dropped. In-memory cache is always present. Remove all cache_dir options to prevent on-disk caching.


Default size increased to 256MB.

cache_peer htcp-no-clr htcp-no-purge-clr htcp-only-clr htcp-forward-clr connection-auth[=on|off|auto] connect-fail-limit=N

New Options.

        use 'htcp-no-clr' to send HTCP to the neighbor but without
        sending any CLR requests.  This cannot be used with

        use 'htcp-no-purge-clr' to send HTCP to the neighbor
        including CLRs but only when they do not result from
        PURGE requests.

        use 'htcp-only-clr' to send HTCP to the neighbor but ONLY
        CLR requests.  This cannot be used with htcp-no-clr.

        use 'htcp-forward-clr' to forward any HTCP CLR requests
        this proxy receives to the peer.

        use 'connection-auth=off' to tell Squid that this peer does
        not support Microsoft connection oriented authentication,
        and any such challenges received from there should be
        ignored. Default is 'auto' to automatically determine the
        status of the peer.

        use 'connect-fail-limit=nn' to specify how many times
        connecting to a peer must fail before it is marked as
        down. Default is 10.


Default changed to OFF. Matching long-standing developer recommendations.


Now an optional entry in squid.conf. If present it will force all visitors to receive the error pages contained in the directory it points at. If absent, error page localization will be given a chance.

        If you wish to create your own versions of the default
        error files to customize them to suit your company COPY
        the error/template files to another directory and point
        this tag at them.

        WARNING: This option will disable multi-language support
                 on error pages if used.

debug_options rotate=

New parameter rotate=N to control number of cache.log rotations independent of other logs.


New options 'ipv4' and 'ipv6' are added to set the IPv4/v6 protocol between squid and its helpers. Please be aware of some limits to these options. These options only affet the transport protocol used to send data to and from the helpers. Squid in IPv6-mode may still send %SRC addresses in IPv4 or IPv6 format, so all helpers will need to be checked and converted to cope with such information cleanly.

          ipv4 / ipv6   IP-mode used to communicate to this helper.
                        For compatability with older configurations and helpers
                        the default is 'ipv4'.

New header input format specifiers. To seperate Request and Reply headers when both passed back.

        %>{Header}        HTTP request header
        %>{Hdr:member}    HTTP request header list member
        %>{Hdr:;member}   HTTP request header list member using ; as
                          list separator. ; can be any non-alphanumeric
        %<{Header}        HTTP reply header
        %<{Hdr:member}    HTTP reply header list member
        %<{Hdr:;member}   HTTP reply header list member using ; as
                          list separator. ; can be any non-alphanumeric


New setting options. transparent, truncate, delete.

        If set to "transparent", Squid will not alter the
        X-Forwarded-For header in any way.

        If set to "delete", Squid will delete the entire
        X-Forwarded-For header.

        If set to "truncate", Squid will remove all existing
        X-Forwarded-For entries, and place itself as the sole entry.

http_port transparent intercept sslbump connection-auth[=on|off]

Option 'transparent' is being deprecated in favour of 'intercept' which more clearly identifies what the option does. For now option 'tproxy' remains with old behaviour meaning fully-invisible proxy using TPROXY support.

New port options

           intercept    Rename of old 'transparent' option to indicate proper functionality.

                        use connection-auth=off to tell Squid to prevent
                        forwarding Microsoft connection oriented authentication
                        (NTLM, Negotiate and Kerberos)

                        Enable TCP keepalive probes of idle connections
                        idle is the initial time before TCP starts probing
                        the connection, interval how often to probe, and
                        timeout the time before giving up.

           sslBump      Intercept each CONNECT request matching ssl_bump ACL,
                        establish secure connection with the client and with
                        the server, decrypt HTTP messages as they pass through
                        Squid, and treat them as unencrypted HTTP messages,
                        becoming the man-in-the-middle.

                        When this option is enabled, additional options become
                        available to specify SSL-related properties of the
                        client-side connection: cert, key, version, cipher,
                        options, clientca, cafile, capath, crlfile, dhparams,
                        sslflags, and sslcontext. See the https_port directive
                        for more information on these options.

                        The ssl_bump option is required to fully enable
                        the SslBump feature.

https_port intercept sslbump connection-auth[=on|off]

New port options. see http_port.


No longer controls cache.log rotation. Use debug_options rotate=N instead.


Default size limit increased to 512KB.


New default of 0 seconds. To prevent negative-caching of failure messages unless explicitly permitted by the message generating web server.

Changing this is an RFC 2616 violation and now requires --enable-http-violations


New option 'ignore-must-revalidate'.

        ignore-must-revalidate ignores any ``Cache-Control: must-revalidate``
        headers received from a server. Doing this VIOLATES
        the HTTP standard. Enabling this feature could make you
        liable for problems which it causes.

New set of basic patterns. These should always be listed after any custom patterns. They ensure RFC compliance with certain protocol and request handling in the absence of accurate Cache-Control: and Expires: information.

refresh_pattern ^ftp:             1440   20%    10080
refresh_pattern ^gopher:          1440    0%     1440
refresh_pattern -i (/cgi-bin/|\?)    0    0%        0
refresh_pattern .                    0   20%     4320


Default limit increased to 64KB for RFC 2616 compliance.


Default limit increased to 64KB for RFC 2616 compliance.


This option causes some problems when bridging IPv4 and IPv6. A workaround has been provided.

        Squid is built with a capability of bridging the IPv4 and IPv6 internets.
        tcp_outgoing_address as previously used breaks this bridging by forcing
        all outbound traffic through a certain IPv4 which may be on the wrong
        side of the IPv4/IPv6 boundary.

        To operate with tcp_outgoing_address and keep the bridging benefits
        an additional ACL needs to be used which ensures the IPv6-bound traffic
        is never forced or permitted out the IPv4 interface.

        acl to_ipv6 dst ipv6
        tcp_outgoing_address 2002::c001 good_service_net to_ipv6
        tcp_outgoing_address good_service_net !to_ipv6

        tcp_outgoing_address 2002::beef normal_service_net to_ipv6
        tcp_outgoing_address normal_service_net !to_ipv6

        tcp_outgoing_address 2002::1 to_ipv6
        tcp_outgoing_address !to_ipv6

wccp2_assignment_method hash mask

Method names now accepted. Replacing the old magic numbers. '1' becomes 'hash' and '2' becomes 'mask'

wccp2_forwarding_method gre l2

Method names now accepted. Replacing the old magic numbers. '1' becomes 'gre' and '2' becomes 'l2'

wccp2_return_method gre l2

Method names now accepted. Replacing the old magic numbers. '1' becomes 'gre' and '2' becomes 'l2'

4.3 Removed tags


Obsolete. This feature is no longer relevant to modern networks and was causing boot problems. The -D command line option used previously to suppress these tests is also obsolete.


Obsolete. All possible methods are now accepted and handled properly.


Replaced by adaptation_service_set.


Replaced by adaptation_access.

5. Changes to ./configure options since Squid-3.0

There have been some changes to Squid's build configuration since Squid-3.0.

This section gives an account of those changes in three categories:

5.1 New options


Build with support for loadable content adaptation modules. Cannot be used with --disable-loadable-modules.


Support following the X-Forwarded-For HTTP header for determining the original or indirect client when a request has been forwarded through other proxies.


Build with support for ZPH Quality of Service controls


Disable error page localization for visitors.

error_directory option is required if this option is used.


Build without IPv6 support. The default is to auto-detect system capabilities and build with IPv6 when possible.


Build without support for loadable modules.


Enable CNAME recursion within the Internal DNS resolver stub squid uses. This has no effect on the external DNS helper.

Please note this extension is still experimental and may encounter problems. To see if it is actually needed you can run squid without it for a period and check the CNAME-Only Requests statistics squid maintains.

If it produces ongoing serious problems the external helper may be needed but please report the bugs anyway.


Allow build-time configuration of Default location for squid logs.


Enable special additions for IPv6 support in Windows XP. see the IPv6 details above for a better description.


Allow build-time configuration of Default location and name of squid.pid file.


Absolute path to po2html executable. Default is to automatically detect the binary.

5.2 Changes to existing options


Default changed to yes.


This option now enables support for all three netfilter interception targets.

Adding TPROXY version 4+ support to squid through the netfilter TPROXY target. This options requires a linux kernel 2.6.25 or later for embeded netfilter TPROXY targets.

Older REDIRECT and DNAT targets work as before on HTTP ports marked 'intercept'.


Deprecated. Remains only to support old TPROXY version 2.2 installations.


Helper previously built by SMB is now built by smb_lm. It also has a new squid.conf name for usage, see auth_param above for details.


Better support for Linux using the external DNS helper. The helper will now compile and work with dns_nameservers on more variants of Linux than previously.

5.3 Removed options


Replaced by error_default_language squid.conf option


Removed. All languages used now for error page localization.


Removed. CARP is required by several peering algoithms. Disabling is not useful.

6. Options Removed since Squid-2

Some squid.conf and ./configure options which were available in Squid-2.6 and Squid-2.7 are made obsolete in Squid-3.1.

6.1 Removed squid.conf options since Squid-2.7


blankpassword option for basic scheme removed.


Format tag %{Header} replaced by %>{Header}

Format tag %{Header:member} replaced by %>{Header:member}


Replaced by request_header_access and reply_header_access


no-connection-auth replaced by connection-auth=[on|off]. Default is ON.

transparent option replaced by intercept


Replaced by http_port disable-pmtu-discovery= option




Replaced by url_rewrite_bypass


Replaced by qos_flows local-hit=






Replaced by qos_flows parent-hit=


Replaced by qos_flows sibling-hit=

6.2 Removed squid.conf options since Squid-2.6


read-only option replaced by no-store.

6.3 Removed ./configure options since Squid-2.7




Replaced by automatic detection.




Replaced by automatic detection.






Obsolete. Enabled by default.








Replaced by automatic detection.


Replaced by automatic detection.


Replaced by automatic detection.


Obsolete. Enabled by default.




Obsolete. Disabled by default.

7. Regressions since Squid-2.7

Some squid.conf and ./configure options which were available in Squid-2.7 are not yet available in Squid-3.1

If you need something to do then porting one of these from Squid-2 to Squid-3 is most welcome.

7.1 Missing squid.conf options available in Squid-2.7


urllogin option not yet ported from 2.6

urlgroup option not yet ported from 2.6

auth_param digest

concurrency option not yet ported from Squid-2


Not yet ported from 2.7


Not yet ported from 2.7


Not yet ported from 2.6


min-size option not yet ported from Squid-2

COSS storage type is lacking stability fixes from 2.6

COSS overwrite-percent= option not yet ported from 2.6

COSS max-stripe-waste= option not yet ported from 2.6

COSS membufs= option not yet ported from 2.6

COSS maxfullbufs= option not yet ported from 2.6


multicast-siblings not yet ported from 2.7

idle= not yet ported from 2.7

http11 not yet ported from 2.7

monitorinterval= not yet ported from 2.6

monitorsize= not yet ported from 2.6

monitortimeout= not yet ported from 2.6

monitorurl= not yet ported from 2.6


Not yet ported from 2.6


Not yet ported from 2.6


Not yet ported from 2.6


%ACL format tag not yet ported from 2.6

%DATA format tag not yet ported from 2.6


Not yet ported from 2.7


Not yet ported from 2.6


act-as-origin not yet ported from 2.7

allow-direct not yet ported from 2.7

http11 not yet ported from 2.7

urlgroup= not yet ported from 2.6


Not yet ported from 2.7


Not yet ported from 2.7


Not yet ported from 2.6


Not yet ported from 2.6


Not yet ported from 2.6


Not yet ported from 2.6


Not yet ported from 2.7


%oa tag not yet ported from 2.7

%sn tag not yet ported from 2.7


Not yet ported from 2.7


Not yet ported from 2.7


stale-while-revalidate= not yet ported from 2.7

ignore-stale-while-revalidate= not yet ported from 2.7

max-stale= not yet ported from 2.7

negative-ttl= not yet ported from 2.7


Not yet ported from 2.7


Not yet ported from 2.7


Not yet ported from 2.7


Not yet ported from 2.7


Not yet ported from 2.7


Not yet ported from 2.7


Not yet ported from 2.7


Not yet ported from 2.7


Not yet ported from 2.7

7.2 Missing ./configure options available in Squid-2.7